What Is Landscape Gardening? Everything You Need to Know

You may have heard of landscaping and gardening, but there is another branch of horticulture called landscape gardening. It involves planting ornamental plants to create natural scenery that is beautiful. It consists of beautifying a piece of land with a house or another feature.

When people ask, “What is landscape gardening,” they want to know exactly what they do and what service they provide.

How Is a Landscape Gardener Different from a Gardener?

Gardeners are people who manage and maintain ornamental plants and vegetables. They take care of lawns, flower beds, borders, and more at private and commercial properties.

They spend their time choosing plants, grass, trees, hedges and more, and they dig the soil, plant plants, eliminate weeds, mow the grass, trim hedges and bushes, and more.

They design and build new sites, as well as developing sites with established grounds, they’re often also responsible for maintaining them. They may also advise on plants or trees to add. In contrast, a landscape gardener carries out some gardening work – e.g planting, but they also work on structures in outdoor spaces. They can build patios, decks, driveways, ponds, and more, and they exclusively transform outdoor spaces.

Landscape gardeners help you create a perfect garden landscape that enhances the natural beauty of a space. 

What Is a Landscape Designer?

A landscape designer is an individual who plans the designs for a space outdoors. It might be a private garden, or it could be a commercial property. The landscape designer usually has a formal certification in the field.

This professional has a complete understanding of plants, outdoor spaces, and ecosystems so that they can plan everything in this project.

They choose suitable materials for the project, ensuring that the area has the irrigation and other necessary features.

Why Is Landscape Design Important?

Landscape design is crucial because it considers the entire environment of a location. It is planned with natural elements in mind, including landforms, trees, shrubs, and water, and it creates a place that is in harmony. Grounds can be designed to reduce pollution and minimise the impact of wind, sound, heat, and more.

In addition, the plants and trees absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, which helps to purify the air. They can also trap particles that pollute the space on large leaves, which are then washed clean when it rains. There are even plants that can absorb toxic substances.

The landscape design can reduce soil erosion and improve the fertility of the soil. A landscaped garden can also be designed to make spaces cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.

Landscape design is important because it uses the natural environment to improve and enhance the space where it is designed.

Different Types of Landscape Gardens

There are many different types of landscape gardens, including customised options designed by a landscape designer. In these cases, gardening is more than simply planting trees and flowers; it usually has a theme.

You can create any of the following types of gardens, including the following: 

  • Butterfly Gardens: This type of garden is designed to attract butterflies. It involves choosing plants and a habitat that serves as a butterfly habitat.
  • Demonstration Gardens: This type of garden is designed for display purposed, and often features hard landscaping features such as patios, paths and walls.
  • Fruit, Vegetable, and Herb Gardens: This type of garden is designed to grow edibles for yourself and others.
  • Organic Gardens: Organic gardens use methods such as composting, recycling yard waste, and using natural pesticides and fertilisers rather than chemicals 
  • Water Gardens: This type of garden adds ponds and other hard landscaping water features into the outdoor space.

These are some examples of the types of gardens that landscape gardeners can build for you. They aim to use the area available as efficiently as possible in order to improve it and to create scenic and environmentally friendly grounds.

Who Can Become a Landscape Gardener?

You don’t need formal qualifications to become a landscape gardener, but most employers will expect you to have a certain level of interest or experience with horticulture. Landscape gardener training programs at various colleges lead to an associate’s degree or a certificate.

They can also find a local organisation where they can become involved in an apprenticeship program. They can get a bachelor’s degree in horticulture or landscape design, which is a good idea for anyone who wants to become a landscape designer or architect.